Singapore’s first Laboratory of Intelligent Vehicle was set up in 1998. It then became the NTU-ST-Kinetics Joint Laboratory of Advanced and Intelligent Mechatronics (AIM Lab) in 2000. And, AIM Lab subsequently became the NTU-STE Joint Research Centre of Intelligent Systems in 2003. NTU (Nanyang Technological University) has advanced the key technologies related to autonomous land vehicles. The major findings in this field could be found in the book entitled “Fundamentals of Robotics: Linking Perception to Action”, published in 2003 by World Scientific Publishing Company. Through Singapore-MIT Alliance, MIT has examined the above-mentioned book for at least one year. After the examination of the book’s contents, MIT started to embark into the journey of commercializing autonomous land vehicles with the funding from Singapore government.